The UK Greenhouse Gas Removal from the Atmosphere Research Programme

The £8.6m Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) research programme – co-supported by three Research Councils and the UK government – ran from 2017 to 2022. It sought to address the uncertainties relating to the cost effectiveness, scalability, and wider environmental and societal consequences of balancing the climate equation through ‘negative emissions’. 

The programme consisted of eleven component projects (4 consortia, 7 topic-specific projects) and involved over 20 universities and 30 research partners. Researchers from the programme have published nearly 300 research articles.

The next stage of research into GGR has now started with the launch of the GGR Demonstrators (GGR-D) Programme in 2022 which is co-ordinated by the Greenhouse Gas Removal hub (CO2RE).


At the end of five years of research activity, the UK Greenhouse Gas Removal Research Programme has developed a series of policy briefs to help disseminate findings and insights. The briefs present future recommendations and suggested areas of inquiry for the next generation of research projects and demonstrators in this area.


On 12 & 13 May 2022 the UK GGR Event was held in London to showcase the latest GGR research and innovation. It was hosted jointly by the Greenhouse Gas Removal Programme (GGR-A) and the Greenhouse Gas Removal Demonstrators Programme (GGR-D). Our researchers presented their main findings to generate knowledge exchange between the two research programmes.


UKRI is currently funding the Greenhouse Gas Removal Demonstrators Programme (GGR-D) to assess sustainable routes for large-scale removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, allowing the UK to take a major step towards achieving net zero emissions, and placing the UK in a leading position to benefit from the £400 billion future global market in greenhouse gas removal.

Five interdisciplinary Demonstrator projects are conducting research into GGR methods: biochar, enhanced rock weathering, peatland restoration, perennial biomass crops, and woodland creation and management. The Programme is coordinated by CO2RE, The Greenhouse Gas Removal Hub.